There is a theory that, because science encompasses all of nature, it follows that all forms of literature are sub-genres of science fiction.
Anyway, just to call out one author from endless possibilities, I recommend Neal Stephenson's books. His earlier ones were a bit rough, but he caught fire with "Snow Crash," which would fit squarely in the cyberpunk mold, though most of his other books do not. (Gotta love Hiro Protagonist, the samurai-pizza delivery boy-rock promotor-virtual reality hacker.)
His master work so far is "Cryptonomicon" which is difficult to describe, but involves cryptography, WWII combat, silicon valley start-ups, gay lovers, treasure-hunting, and the proper way to eat Cap'n Crunch. Recommended for everyone.
Many people thought that Crpytonomicon was a big book, but he followed it up with the "Baroque Trilogy," a 3000 page epic, set mostly in the 1600's that really can't be described but involves pirates, alchemy, the rise of the banking system in europe, Isaac Newton (more gay lovers), Robert Hooke, Ben Franklin, and oddly enough, some of the characters (or their ancestors) from Cryptonomicon.
His current project (with Greg Bear and others) is kind of interesting, and you can read it for free on-line or on your phone. "The Mongoliad" is being published in real-time (updates promised every Wednesday) and available as an app for iPad, iPhone, or android. http://mongoliad.com