George W. Bush's 2000 victory over Albert Gore depended on Florida Secretary of State Kathleen Harris intentionally removing eligible Black voters from the voting rolls, without their knowledge until they attempted to vote on election day.
"The infamous Florida purge of 2000—conservative estimates place the number of wrongfully purged voters close to 12,000
—was generated in part by bad matching criteria
. Florida registrants were purged from the rolls if 80 percent of the letters of their last names were the same as those of persons with criminal convictions."