How were you able to define your fitness goals?
Like you mentioned, the key is short-term goals. I usually set a short-term goal for whatever phase (bulking, maintaining, cutting) and then a longer term goal.
How long have you been working at them?
Usually 3-4 month intervals for the 1st goal, and 6-12mo for the second goal.
How would you describe your progress toward meeting those goals?
Surprisingly good. For me the best decision I made was to make my gym at home and focus on compound exercises.
Just in general, I found it really important to recognize that most guys I see that are super built have a lot of years on me and I'm pretty good at not comparing myself to people who are taller or significantly shorter than I am. The focus is on me and my goals. Its going great.