I found a valuable chart of several logical fallacies, which we should have been taught K-12. Would the world be a better place if we are able to recognize and identify fallacies? It must be difficult to avoid any of them in any argument.

rhetological_fallacies.png

Here is a useful "hierarchy of disagreement":

Graham's Hierarchy of Disagreement

http://logicallyfallacious.com/Expose an irrational belief, keep a man rational for a day. Expose irrational thinking, and keep a man rational for a lifetime.