A tough question for me, because I once taught Army College ROTC from 1983 to 1986, which included women at that time. A little background:
I enlisted in the Army as a Private in the 1960s. I thought women had no place in the Army, a man's world, that I had joined to be with other men, for sexual reasons still hidden from me at that time, due to my deep denial. I was the perfect male chauvinist back then.
By 1977 I had advanced to be an Officer, an Army Captain and a Company Commander, something that almost no Private ever managed. And one of my Company's additional tasks was to provide support to a local university ROTC program, supplying trucks and other equipment for their training. They already had women in their course, who would go on to become Army Lieutenants (an Officer rank, like mine).
By some strange twist of fate, in 1983 as a Major I was assigned to teach Army ROTC myself. And in that Summer I found myself at Fort Lewis, Washington, about to give my initial address to a Platoon of 34 Cadets I would be evaluating for the next 6 weeks, during their field training. They were all Juniors in College, about to enter their Senior year that Fall.
"Good afternoon, Cadets!"
"GOOD AFTERNOON, SIR!" [All shouted in unison]
"Do you all think you'll do well during your 6 weeks here?"
"Good! Now let me tell you about a Cadet I knew some years ago, when I provided logistical support to an ROTC Detachment as a Company Commander, and see if you can do as well here."
"That Cadet became the Commander of the Corps of Cadets on that campus. Do you think you can do as well yourself when you return to your own campuses?"
"And that Cadet attained a maximum on the Army PT test [physical training]. Will you?"
"And that Cadet was given the Cadet rank of full Colonel, the first time it was ever granted on that campus. Will you do as well?
"And that Cadet was awarded the General George C. Marshall Award, the highest distinction an ROTC graduate can receive in the entire United States. Do you think you can do as well?"
"And that Cadet was commissioned in the Regular Army, the same as West Point Cadets are. Can you do the same thing?"
"YES, SIR!" [Most ROTC Cadets are commissioned into the Reserves or the National Guard]
"And that new Lieutenant went to Airborne School [parachuting out of airplanes], and was awarded the Company Guidon [a flag] upon graduation, that had never before been given to any single person. Can you do that?"
"And that Lieutenant's first assignment was to Berlin Brigade, West Germany, where I personally heard the Commanding General say he had never known a better Lieutenant in his entire career. Can you be that good?"
"Now I will tell you the rest of the story, as you may have heard said on the radio. That Cadet was not a man... it was a woman."
And there was a silence for a moment. And then the female Cadets started to applaud and cheer, and the male Cadets looked puzzled and uneasy.
"The best Cadet among you may be a woman, or it may be a man," I explained to them. "I already know that the best Cadet in America has been a woman. Whether in this Platoon it is a man or a woman I don't know yet, but you all have an equal chance."
For my job was to rate them, from number 1 to number 34, when the 6 weeks were done. And there was a pattern we Evaluators had been warned about, that the men always scored at the top, and women at the bottom. And I didn't intend that to happen in my Platoon.
Whatever happened would be based on merit, not on gender. And my top 3 picks, who were guaranteed Regular Army commissions as a result, and a career, were 2 men and 1 woman. No other Platoon among the 50 we had there rated a woman so highly.
What impressed me about the female Cadets was their fierce dedication. They wanted to serve our country no less than the men, and in some cases I think more. They loved their country and would not be denied.
The same GLBT argument that says gays should be allowed to serve their country also applies to women. If you love your country, then you should be given the chance to serve. Not all women can, nor all men, but some women can and should.
As for a draft, I am oddly ambivalent. I haven't yet decided on the issue of those who MUST, and those who CHOOSE. Those who choose should always be allowed, if they are able. Those who must trouble me.