For me skating is determined by the context of conversation. When I'm training with my skating coach we use the terms "figure skating" and "hockey skating". We don't use ice skating as that is recreational skating.
If I read skate or skating in a profile or such, where there is no context, and I'm interested then I'll ask. If there is no context in a conversation I'll just ask what kind of skating.
In a game, when I hear a team mate yelling "skate", it's encouragement to skate hard and get to the puck before the opponent