There are also whole-house fans, though seldom seen these days. The old-fashioned ceiling fan has mad a comeback and is now very common in US homes.
My late Father hated A/C, wouldn't even have one in the car. Even though I explained that he didn't have to use it when he was riding, but the rest of the family would enjoy it when he wasn't with us. No sale.
I finally had to wait until 1966, when I got a car of my own with A/C. That same year, or maybe a year before, I also got and installed a window air conditioner for my bedroom in my parents' home.
That finally convinced Dad and he let me get a much bigger unit that cooled 3 rooms, that I also installed myself. Because that 1920s house couldn't have central air without major modifications.
Dad's solution, until that point, had been a large exhaust fan he had put in an attic wall. It was essentially a belt-driven industrial fan, the blades almost 4 feet across, like you might see in factories or some big-box stores like COSTCO.
When that thing was running air from outside blew in from every open window in the house. Room doors had to be blocked or the air would slam them shut with a great bang. A rather inelegant solution to cooling, but that was Dad - once he'd made up his mind about something, in this case A/C, he was hard to budge, and he'd go to ridiculous lengths to stick to his decision. And so we had a whole-house exhaust fan.