News/Politics/Spirituality: Muslims Are Setting Back Ages of Enlightenment and Reason BUT Avicenna and Averroes

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    Jan 08, 2016 1:45 AM GMT
    Avicenna (/ˌævɨˈsɛnə/; latinized form of Ibn-Sīnā, Arabic full name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sīnā[4] أبو علي الحسين ابن عبد الله ابن سينا; c. 980 – June 1037) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age.[5]

    Of the 450 works he is known to have written, around 240 have survived, including 150 on philosophy and 40 on medicine.[6]

    His most famous works are The Book of Healing – a philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, and The Canon of Medicine – a medical encyclopedia[7][8][9] which became a standard medical text at many medieval universities[10] and remained in use as late as 1650.[11] In 1973, Avicenna's Canon Of Medicine was reprinted in New York.[12]

    Besides philosophy and medicine, Avicenna's corpus includes writings on astronomy, alchemy, geography and geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, physics and poetry.[13]

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    Averroes (/əˈvɛroʊˌiːz/; April 14, 1126 – December 10, 119icon_cool.gif is the Latinized form of Ibn Rushd (Arabic: ابن رشد‎), full name ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn ʾAḥmad Ibn Rušd (أبو الوليد محمد ابن احمد ابن رشد), a medieval Andalusian polymath. He wrote on logic, Aristotelian and Islamic philosophy, theology, the Maliki school of Islamic jurisprudence, psychology, political and Andalusian classical music theory, geography, mathematics, and the mediæval sciences of medicine, astronomy, physics, and celestial mechanics. Averroes was born in Córdoba, Al Andalus (present-day Spain), and died at Marrakesh in present-day Morocco. His body was interred in his family tomb at Córdoba.[6] The 13th-century philosophical movement based on Averroes's work is called Averroism.[citation needed]

    Averroes was a defender of Aristotelian philosophy against Ash'ari theologians led by Al-Ghazali. Although highly regarded as a legal scholar of the Maliki school of Islamic law, Averroes's philosophical ideas were considered controversial in Ash'arite Muslim circles.[7] Whereas al-Ghazali believed that any individual act of a natural phenomenon occurred only because God willed it to happen, Averroes insisted phenomena followed natural laws that God created.[8][9][10]

    Averroes had a greater impact on Christian Europe: he has been described as the "founding father of secular thought in Western Europe"[7][11][12] and was known by the sobriquet the Commentator for his detailed emendations to Aristotle. Latin translations of Averroes's work led the way to the popularization of Aristotle.[13]
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    Jan 09, 2016 3:38 AM GMT
    Interesting response, but we are beyond Aristotle, now.

    The book The Quantum Enigma explains why.