Conservatives Report, But Liberals Display, Greater Happiness

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    Oct 06, 2016 2:56 PM GMT
    http://science.sciencemag.org/content/347/6227/1243Happiness is a notoriously hard to pin down quantity possibly best described by the phrase, “I know it when I see it.” Self-reported ratings of happiness are generally higher for political conservatives in the United States than for those with more liberal leanings. Wojcik et al. examined three data sets based on behavioral measures, such as tweets and smiles. Despite self-reported claims to the contrary, liberals exhibited more happiness than their more conservative counterparts. For instance, as judged from their photographs on a business-oriented social network, more employees of the New York Times smiled genuinely than did those of the Wall Street Journal.

    Research suggesting that political conservatives are happier than political liberals has relied exclusively on self-report measures of subjective well-being. We show that this finding is fully mediated by conservatives’ self-enhancing style of self-report (study 1; N = 1433) and then describe three studies drawing from “big data” sources to assess liberal-conservative differences in happiness-related behavior (studies 2 to 4; N = 4936). Relative to conservatives, liberals more frequently used positive emotional language in their speech and smiled more intensely and genuinely in photographs. Our results were consistent across large samples of online survey takers, U.S. politicians, Twitter users, and LinkedIn users. Our findings illustrate the nuanced relationship between political ideology, self-enhancement, and happiness and illuminate the contradictory ways that happiness differences can manifest across behavior and self-reports.

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    Oct 06, 2016 7:35 PM GMT
    Yet the liberal whingers are never happy. Now they have equlity in America, still they have something to winge and whin about. They love nothing more than getting off on an orgy of being offended.
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    Oct 06, 2016 7:40 PM GMT
    People with a lot of hate and bitterness in their hearts tend to be very unhappy. It just happens that alt-right/birtherist/KKK-loving people are full of them.
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    Oct 06, 2016 8:43 PM GMT
    DOMINUS saidPeople with a lot of hate and bitterness in their hearts tend to be very unhappy. It just happens that alt-right/birtherist/KKK-loving people are full of them.


    Thus we don't hear phrases like:

    The Happy Bully

    Satisfyingly Deceptive

    or

    Fun with Lynchings
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    Nov 13, 2016 11:32 PM GMT