free_spirit09 saiddo you agree with the following:
“God is dead: but considering the state Man is in, there will perhaps be caves, for ages yet, in which his shadow will be shown.”
I think most atheists would disagree with this because they don't beleive that God ever lived for him to even die.
Nietzsche wasn't putting forward an atheistic philosophy... as the first responder noted... Nietzsche was talking about institutionalized religion. Specifically, he wrote the Anti-Christ... not Anti-God or On Being Atheist. From what I've gathered when I read the Antichrist (and its been a while), I don't believe Nietzsche ever put forth a proof against the existence of God.
Similarly, in his On the Genealogy of Morals
, Nietzsche asserts that one ought to scrutinize traditional Christian morals. He states that there needs to be a transvaluation of morality which he defines as the "critique of moral values, the value of these values themselves must first be called in question... (20). His attempt is to question the assumptions about morality and Christian values that contradict the self.
Much of the reason why Nietzsche is particularly effective in permeating popular culture and effecting many niche cultures that subscribe to his philosophy (though, in my opinion, many of these cultures subscribe to erroneous understandings of his philosophy), is because his writing is provocative. In leveling his criticism of Christian morality of The Birth of Tragedy
, Nietzsche states, "Christianity was from the beginning, essentially and fundamentally, life’s nausea and disgust with life… Hatred of ‘the world,’ condemnation of the passions, fear of beauty and sensuality… For, confronted with morality (especially Christian, or unconditional, morality), life must continually and inevitable be in the wrong, because life is something essentially amoral. (23)" Nietzsche is uncompromising in his attack of Christian morality. His attack is leveled specifically at a self-sacrificing, self-denying moral goodness. However, it should be noted that in this quote Nietzsche asserts that Christian morality will inevitably be in the wrong. In distinguishing between 'right' and 'wrong', Nietzsche is positing a positive moral assertion that Christianity is indeed wrong... and in doing so catches himself in a bind. If Christianity is WRONG then there must be some RIGHT that Nietzsche posits in putting forward his philosophy, and this seems like a contradiction to Nietzsche's criticism of ethics/ morality in general.
Many scholars have revitalized Nietzsche's intentions showing how the positive moral content of his works doesn't necessarily contradict a transvaluation of morality. I'm not going to go into this... I just wanted to mention Nietzsche's positive ethical assertions because I think people generally like to equate Nietzsche with Nihilism. While Nietzsche does indeed assert a kind of nihilism... I don't think that's what he intends to leave his reader with...
Whether or not you think Christianity is complicit in this self-sacrificing, self-denying morality today is up for dispute... just because it was the case in the time Nietzsche was writing doesn't mean it's still a problem now (and this is not an assertion that it is NOT a problem at the moment, merely that it is debatable whether or not it is a problem).
Hope this helps clearing up some incoherency!
P.S... I blame all grammatical errors on the fact that I'm still tipsy from the bars.