Dark Chocolate may lower the LDL (bad) cholesterol up to 10%
Omega-3 fatty acids will lower triglycerides. Triglycerides along with LDL cholesterol predisposes to atherosclerosis. Omega-3 fatty acids do not usually lower LDL cholesterol.
Omega-3 fatty acids are plentiful in fish, and fish oil. There are other sources.
Blueberries have a compound (pterostilbene) which will lower cholesterol
Pistachios.... a Penn State study showed that eating pistachios significantly lowers LDL cholesterol levels....Walnuts and Almonds also work well
100% Cranberry Juice can raise HDL (good) cholesterol and slow down the oxidation of LDL. Oxidized LDL causes inflammation in the blood vessels and atherosclerosis.
Trans fats increase the amount of oxidized LDL. Trans fats are being phased out.
Use the monounsaturated fats olive oil and canola oil
"The Harvard Men's Health Watch Journal" does not recommend red yeast rice even though it will lower cholesterol. When rice is fermented with a certain yeast, various substances are produced.
Mevinolin is the most potent of these, and is the statin drug lovastatin (brand name Mevacor).
Since it contains a statin, red yeast rice will have all the side effects associated with the prescription statins. When a physician prescribes a statin, he does lab work to make sure that the statin is not damaging the liver. He also monitors the patient for muscle damage. Since the FDA does not monitor the manufacturing process of supplements, the amount of statin may vary markedly from bottle to bottle. Supplements can also be tainted with toxins. The Mayo Clinic article mentions a harmful toxin produced by the yeast.
Health insurance will pay for the prescription form. Some pharmacies offer the generic form for only 4 dollars.This is a lot cheaper than you would you would pay at a supplement store for red yeast rice. If your cholesterol is high enough that a statin is necessary, the prescription form is safer, cheaper and more effective.