Mar 29, 2020 10:13 PM GMT
Archaeologists have definitively shown that Jericho was not a major walled city at the time described in the book of Joshua. Kenyon simply got it wrong. There are massive publications on this.
I agree, after reading, not only a past NYT article but also the following six articles published in Biblical Archaeology Review (available in the Society’s library):
Redating the Exodus
by John Bimson and David Livingston
9 / 10 – 1987
Radical Exodus Redating Fatally Flawed
by Baruch Halpern
11 / 12 – 1987
A reply to Baruch Halpern’s “Radical Exodus Redating Fatally Flawed”
by John Bimson
7 / 8 – 1988
Did the Israelites Conquer Jericho? A New Look at the Archaeological Evidence
by Bryant Wood
3 / 4 – 1990
Jericho was destroyed in the Middle Bronze Age, Not the Late Bronze Age
by Piotr Bienkowski
9 / 10 – 1990
Dating Jericho’s Destruction: Bienkowski Is Wrong on All Counts
by Bryant G. Wood
9 / 10 – 1990
Yes, archaeologists have definitively shown that Jericho was not a major walled city at the time described in the Book of Joshua. This does not mean Jericho was not a walled city before the time described in the book of Joshua. And yes, Jericho was not a major city equivalent to Megiddo. Jericho was not along the trade route as Megiddo was.
You say Kenyon simply got it wrong. The Biblical Archaeology Society articles say Kenyon was not wrong for saying Jericho was not a major walled city at the time described in the Book of Joshua. She was wrong for not dating Jericho to circa 1400 BCE.
The time described in the book of Joshua is in error. The Exodus was not from Ramesses the Great at Pi-Ramesses. The exodus was from an earlier incarnation of Pi-Ramesses: Avaris.
Moses lived earlier. Praeparatio Evangelica, Book IX, Chapter XXVII states that was the stepson of a pharaoh much earlier than Ramesses the Great. It gives one of the throne names of that pharaoh which turns out to be Sobekhotep IV.
The exodus occurred earlier in time shifting the destruction of Jericho with archaeological evidence earlier with it.
Hopefully, your textbook will be updated to inform readers that although Exodus 1: 11 and the Book of Joshua produce a biblical timeline in which archaeology cannot agree that Jericho was a populated walled city; nevertheless, on a timeline of archaeological evidence, 1) Jericho was an earlier walled city and 2) its walls came tumbling down by earthquake and this city was burned down.