Exodus and the Destruction of Jericho Should Not Follow the Bible's Timeline

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    Mar 29, 2020 10:13 PM GMT


    Bart
    Archaeologists have definitively shown that Jericho was not a major walled city at the time described in the book of Joshua. Kenyon simply got it wrong. There are massive publications on this.

    Steefen
    I agree, after reading, not only a past NYT article but also the following six articles published in Biblical Archaeology Review (available in the Society’s library):

    Redating the Exodus
    by John Bimson and David Livingston
    9 / 10 – 1987

    Radical Exodus Redating Fatally Flawed
    by Baruch Halpern
    11 / 12 – 1987

    A reply to Baruch Halpern’s “Radical Exodus Redating Fatally Flawed”
    by John Bimson
    7 / 8 – 1988

    Did the Israelites Conquer Jericho? A New Look at the Archaeological Evidence
    by Bryant Wood
    3 / 4 – 1990

    Jericho was destroyed in the Middle Bronze Age, Not the Late Bronze Age
    by Piotr Bienkowski
    9 / 10 – 1990

    Dating Jericho’s Destruction: Bienkowski Is Wrong on All Counts
    by Bryant G. Wood
    9 / 10 – 1990

    Yes, archaeologists have definitively shown that Jericho was not a major walled city at the time described in the Book of Joshua. This does not mean Jericho was not a walled city before the time described in the book of Joshua. And yes, Jericho was not a major city equivalent to Megiddo. Jericho was not along the trade route as Megiddo was.

    You say Kenyon simply got it wrong. The Biblical Archaeology Society articles say Kenyon was not wrong for saying Jericho was not a major walled city at the time described in the Book of Joshua. She was wrong for not dating Jericho to circa 1400 BCE.

    The time described in the book of Joshua is in error. The Exodus was not from Ramesses the Great at Pi-Ramesses. The exodus was from an earlier incarnation of Pi-Ramesses: Avaris.

    Moses lived earlier. Praeparatio Evangelica, Book IX, Chapter XXVII states that was the stepson of a pharaoh much earlier than Ramesses the Great. It gives one of the throne names of that pharaoh which turns out to be Sobekhotep IV.

    The exodus occurred earlier in time shifting the destruction of Jericho with archaeological evidence earlier with it.

    Hopefully, your textbook will be updated to inform readers that although Exodus 1: 11 and the Book of Joshua produce a biblical timeline in which archaeology cannot agree that Jericho was a populated walled city; nevertheless, on a timeline of archaeological evidence, 1) Jericho was an earlier walled city and 2) its walls came tumbling down by earthquake and this city was burned down.
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    Mar 30, 2020 3:27 PM GMT
    Bart

    Have you looked up articles that address the issue more recently than 30 years ago, by reputable biblical archaeologists.
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    Mar 30, 2020 3:28 PM GMT
    Steefen

    The Biblical Archaeology Society has no other articles related to Jericho and the Archaeological Institute of America has no other articles related to Jericho. Hence, the case can be addressed given the conclusions presented in my post.

    You imply the matter was not settled 30 years ago?

    You imply someone has picked up where the Biblical Archaeology Society (BAS) writers left off?

    You imply reputable biblical archaeologists with new information are bypassing the Biblical Archaeology Society?

    I call you on these implications if you are making them:: what reputable biblical archaeologists have 1) bypassed the Biblical Archaeology Society, 2) taken up the subject matter, and 3) moved the evidence-based conclusions presented in my post in a different direction?

    Until then, the evidence-based points of learning for textbooks, students, and people who study the Bible for facts are:

    1) Moses did not lead Israelites away from Ramesses the Great and his Pi-Ramesses.

    2) Jericho was a walled city that existed and was destroyed before the non-event of Moses leading Israelites away from Ramesses the Great and Pi-Ramesses.

    3) Joshua, after Moses on a historical timeline as opposed to an erroneous biblical timeline, enters Canaan and is not connected with the destruction of Jericho after the non-event of Moses leading Israelites away from Ramesses the Great and Pi-Ramesses; but, Joshua is connected with the destruction of Jericho before that time .

    4) Any downgrading of the destruction of Jericho from historical fact to story telling / literature is obligated to admit the archaeological evidence of point #2: Jericho was a walled city before the time of Ramesses the Great or before the time it would take for an Exodus from Ramesses the Great, the Wilderness Tradition, followed by an entry into Canaan with the destruction of Jericho being an early event in the Israelites settling in Canaan.

    You likely have a subscription to the Biblical Archaeology Society's Library. Even without a subscription, one can search "Jericho" at https://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/library/

    The articles I listed will come up with dates of August 24, 2015 which is likely when these articles published in print earlier were digitized into the digital library.

    So, as mentioned earlier, BAS and the Archaeology Institute of America is not showing more recent articles. Furthermore, a more recent encylopedia entry on Jericho is not referencing a turn from this being a settled matter. Again, let us know if you can proceed with a reply to the conclusions because there are no other research of material significance to consult.
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    Apr 03, 2020 7:30 PM GMT
    Bart
    I’m just saying you should read what the most skilled interpreters giving the most up-to-date results say — about any topic, from cosmology to the history of the Civil War to ancient Jericho.